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The PEG (percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy) procedure is a medical procedure used to insert a feeding tube directly into the stomach through the abdominal wall. This procedure is typically performed on patients who are unable to eat or swallow normally due to medical conditions such as cancer, neurological disorders, or congenital abnormalities.
Here are the general steps involved in a PEG procedure:
The patient will be given sedation or anesthesia to ensure they are comfortable and relaxed during the procedure.
The doctor will make a small incision in the patient’s abdominal wall and insert a thin, flexible tube called an endoscope through the incision and into the stomach.
Using the endoscope, the doctor will carefully insert a feeding tube through the opening in the stomach wall and into the stomach itself.
Once the feeding tube is in place, the doctor will secure it to the patient’s abdomen with sutures or a specialized device.
The feeding tube can be used immediately to provide liquid nutrition and medication directly to the patient’s stomach.
After the procedure, the patient will need to follow a special diet and care regimen to ensure the feeding tube remains clean and functioning properly.
It’s important to note that while a PEG procedure is generally safe and effective, there are some risks involved, such as bleeding, infection, and damage to surrounding organs. Patients should discuss the risks and benefits of the procedure with their doctor before deciding whether to proceed.